What Period 3 Element Has The Highest Melting Point?

Which is the correct order of melting points of these Period 3 elements?

Melting Point of Period 3 ElementsMelting point increases for metals Na, Mg and Al.

Strength of metallic bonds is related to valency.

High melting point for Si.

Silicon is a macromolecule or giant molecule with strong and extensive covalent bonds.

Melting point for non-metals decrease in order S8, P4, Cl..

What element has the highest melting point?

CarbonThe chemical element with the lowest melting point is Helium and the element with the highest melting point is Carbon.

What is Period 3 on the periodic table?

The third period contains eight elements: sodium, magnesium, aluminium, silicon, phosphorus, sulfur, chlorine, and argon. The first two, sodium and magnesium, are members of the s-block of the periodic table, while the others are members of the p-block.

Does the melting point increase across a period?

Melting and boiling points rise across the three metals because of the increasing strength of the metallic bonds. The number of electrons which each atom can contribute to the delocalised “sea of electrons” increases. The atoms also get smaller and have more protons as you go from sodium to magnesium to aluminium.

What is the melting point of diamond?

In the absence of oxygen, diamonds can be heated to much higher temperatures. Above the temperatures listed below, diamond crystals transform into graphite. The ultimate melting point of diamond is about 4,027° Celsius (7,280° Fahrenheit).

What is the 3rd element?

Lithium is the 3rd element of the periodic table of elements.

Why does silicon have the highest melting point?

Silicon is a non-metal, and has a giant covalent structure exactly the same as carbon in diamond – hence the high melting point. You have to break strong covalent bonds in order to melt it.

Why do melting points decrease across Period 3?

There are are van der Waals’ forces between its atoms. The melting and boiling points of these elements are very low because: van der Waals’ forces are very weak forces of attraction … little energy is needed to overcome them.

Which element in period 3 is the most active nonmetal?

ChlorineChlorine. The most active nonmetal in any period is second to last (halogens), right before the noble gases.